Ten thousand years of history, hundreds of kilometers of tasty cuisine, pristine coastline and also a reputation makes Cyprus a popular destination for the form of tourist that appreciates the outdoors.
Brief History of Cyprus
The Cyprus Museum
Cyprus is famous for its sand and sun, but with no understanding of the early sites in Cyprus, one cannot truly appreciate the Cypriot tradition. As with any subject, it’s ideal to start at the start…
Kourion Archaeological Site
Archaeological evidence has shown that Cyprus has been occupied since prehistory. The Temple (8200-3800 BC) and Chalcolithic people (3800-2400 BC) of Cyprus left behind remnants of their regular lives, including easy single-room huts, stone carvings and tools. The Bronze Age (1650-1050 BC) brought with it an emigration of southern Greeks, coordinated societies and trade with neighboring countries. City-kingdoms were established during the Geometric and Archaic Periods (1050-480 BC). All these kingdoms had coinage, habits and their own rulers. The Classical, Hellenestic and Roman periods (480-330 AD) saw rodent hands go and come with Alexander the Great’s plan to reconquer the East. Eventually polytheism expired out beginning in 45 AD and the island was converted into Christianity by the Apostles Paul and Barnabas. By 1571 into 1878 Cyprus was under Ottoman control, but managed to keep its cultural identity that is Hellenistic.
Amathous Archaeological Site
Tomb of Kings
Let’s jump to the most important bit of contemporary history of the island . They claimed 33 percent of their island as their very own, which forced over 200,000 indigenous Cypriots from their northern Cyprus houses. According to the U.N. (and almost any Greek Cypriot you inquire ) Turkey’s occupation of northern Cyprus is prohibited. Guests can cross the border but don’t expect to get encouraged to go see the Turkish side.
Now for the interesting stuff. I’ve been for 10 days in Cyprus and I have had the chance to see ruins and museums. Below are my top 8 sites in Cyprus. These areas will have you mesmerized with the early Cypriot world, if you like history as much as I do. I’ve organized them.
Temple of Aphrodite
Here is the archaeological museum in Cyprus.
It features artifacts from the Neolithic Age to the Byzantine period (7th century AD). Of all of the exhibitsthat the terracota figures in the Bronze Age are the most notable. There are on screen over 2,000 of these human and animal forms, each in good shape. The museum also houses an ancient coin set, different cross-shaped idols in the Chalcolithic period, gold jewelry and statues of gods and goddesses.
About 20 km west of Lemesos is that the site. The site comes with a theater, four Greco-Roman baths, public baths, a Roman agora (market), an early Christian basilica and an early Christian property. The Romans modifyed the theater to be used by 2,000 spectators watching games. It is still used for performances and has been restored. Many of the mosaics in the condos are in excellent condition. They depict hunting scenes, goddesses, gods, and blessings of the home.
Choirokoitia Archaeological Site
Amathous still merits a visit by the early Cyprus enthusiast, although in comparatively poor condition in comparison to other ruins in Cyprus. What remains of the seaside city-kingdom is in the Archaic, Roman and Christian periods. Visitors can see from that which once was a city kingdom what remains of the baths, temple, even a reservoir, agora along with a few other characteristics. Amathous was once an important location for Aphrodite worship.
Kition Archaeological Site
This is a major attraction in Paphos due to its large size and condition. These tombs were not really used to spoil kings, but they are certainly fit for them. The site is a necropolis created in the rock. Each grave differs, but there is one that is a stunner. It has columns a spacious courtyard and rooms.
Considered to comprise a few of the most intact and beautiful historical mosaics in the Eastern Mediterranean, Paphos Mosaics is a”must” stop for anybody in Paphos. The mosaics form part of the outdoor and indoor complex of villas that are historical. Each mosaic depicts something distinct, whether a blessing for the home an act by a god or goddess, or even a scene from a narrative. The Romans knew how to live it up!
Paphos, in the town of Kouklia, is the remains of one of the most critical areas of Aphrodite worship in ancient Cyprus. A few of the walls dating back to the period remain, although the construction is entirely in ruins. Additionally, there are portions of several columns still standing. At the far end of the site is a castle housing a museum that comprises some artifacts.
Some archaeologists believe that where the Kamares aqueduct stands now there was once a Roman aqueduct used to provide water into ancient Kition (modern-day Larnaka). What scientists could agree on is that was constructed in 1746 by the Turkish governor of Larnaka. It had been used to cary water from 6 miles off when contemporary plumbing made it obsolete.
As a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998, Choirokitia’s Neolithic settlement instills and paves how Cypriot inhabitants dwelt. These dwellings provided them the capability to live in communities and protection. The site includes reproductions of these hut dwellings to give a better idea of their houses seemed to visitors. The smallest of huts were used to house their own animals while the bigger ones were used as sleeping quarters. These people were hunter/gatherers.
Unfortunately what remains of ancient Kition pales in comparison to. Only the bases of a few structures remain. Kition was clearly one of Cyprus’ most. It had the very important port from ancient Cyprus. Modern afternoon Larnaka would literally will have to be ripped apart to find more of Kition. The nearby Larnaka District Archaeological Museum houses many artifacts located at the Kition archaeological site. Its displays also demonstrate that there was other place on earth via Kition’s port and global relations between Cyprus.
So there you’ve got 8 of the most astonishing sites in Cyprus. All these are by no means. Cyprus has almost 10,000 years of history, which you may encounter whenever you choose to go to this sun. Articles about Cyprus coming!
Have you been to Cyprus or even arranging a trip there? Tell us about it! Leave a comment or question below!
Particular thanks from the Larnaka Tourism Board Naturally Cyprus, along with the Amorgos Boutique Hotel in Larnaka.